Rain washes chemicals and fertilizers into our streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. Key Characteristics. Tradescantia virginiana, Virginia Spiderwort. T. ohiensis has glabrous flower stalks and sepals and waxy glaucous stems & leaves. One of the easiest ways for us to reduce our pollution contribution to the Chesapeake Bay is to replace some of our lawn and typical landscapes with native plants. I found a massive wild population down under a local river bridge that covers several acres, and I've found just about every color you can imagine growing there. Arching, iris-like, dark green leaves up to 1' long and 1 inch wide are folded lengthwise forming a groove. The Plants Database includes the following 33 species of Tradescantia . An interesting and long-blooming perennial for native plant gardens, woodland or shade gardens, wild gardens or naturalized areas. Other names for this species include white spider weed, small-leaf spiderwort, or river spiderwort. T. virginiana, a Southern classic, is also known as spiderwort. Spiderwort is a common wild plant that is also cultivated in gardens in many countries. Spiderwort has a kind of messy, grass-like form punctuated with quarter-sized flowers that last only one day. Native plants have occurred in our region for hundreds of years and are accustomed to local sun, soil, and climate. Divide clumps when crowded. Tradescantia virginiana, or Virginia spiderwort, was the first Tradescantia species described. Bloom Description: Blue to violet-blue, rarely rose or white, Tolerate: Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Black Walnut. Virginia Spiderwort is a herbaceous clump-forming perennial in the dayflower family that is native to the eastern and central USA and is found in the Piedmont of NC. Spiderwort is a tall, graceful, beautiful flower with purple petals that open in the sunshine and close as evening descends. T. spathacea (Rhoeo spathacea) has sword-shaped purple-and-green foliage. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Tradescantia virginiana is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate. It is easy to grow. small-leaf spiderwort Small-leaf spiderwort ( Tradescantia fluminensis ). Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. (cult.) Fish and Wildlife Service Chesapeake Bay Field Office, United States Department of Agriculture Plant Database. Further reading. This plant has no children Legal Status. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. To find out if a photograph requires permission contact here. Brickell C 2016. A Missouri native plant that is commonly found on open wooded slopes and moist shaded bluff ledges in the eastern part of the State.Genus name honors John Tradescant (1570-1638) and his son John Tradescant (1608-1662), botanists and successive gardeners to Charles I of England.Specific epithet means of Virginia.When the stems of spiderworts are cut, a viscous stem secretion is released which becomes threadlike and silky upon hardening (like a spider's web), hence the common name. With dark bluish-purple being the most common, white and/or white varigated with blue is the rarest. There are approximately 70 species of this perennial plant, with the Virginia variety being one of the most common. John Jr. … In some regions, the sale of these species is banned. Threat status Europe: Not evaluated (IUCN) The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species. Stems may be solitary or more commonly clumped, and usually grow unbranched, reaching heights up to 40 cm tall. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Violet-blue to purple, three-petaled flowers (.75-1.5" diameter) accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up, a few at a time, each for only one day, from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds. Tradescantia is not overly particular about soil quality, nor does it require watering once established. Tradescantia virginiana (Virginia Spiderwort) is a vigorous, clump-forming herbaceous perennial with long, erect or arching, bright-green, narrow leaves. You can find native plants with the same shape, color, size or other characteristics as some of your favorite non-native plants to create attractive and more natural landscapes right in your own yard. The common spiderwort plant is part of the Tradescantia genus. The name 'wort' was generally given to a plant that was used for medicinal purposes. The anther tapetum inTradescantia virginiana L. is of the invasive plasmodial type: the cells lose their walls during early spore meiosis and develop long invasion processes which invade the loculus to penetrate spaces between the sporogenous cells. A tough spiderwort for shady areas, blooming late spring into early summer with bright clusters of flowers held above slender stems. Its alternate name is tradescantia albiflora, although that name has fallen out of use. Tradescantia virginiana (Spiderwort) Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic This showy native, whose genus name honors naturalist John Tradescant, grows in scattered pockets throughout the eastern half of the United States. No serious insect or disease problems. In Missouri it is typically found in moist woodland valleys, ravines and slopes in … Named garden selections offer flowers in white, blue shades, lavender, purple, shades of pink from pale to near-red; these plants are often sold as Tradescantia x andersoniana or as members of the Andersonia Group. There are dozens of plants that share a close relation to the spiderwort, including The Wandering Jew plant. May self-sow and become somewhat invasive. From late spring to midsummer, the foliage is topped by small clusters of three-petaled, violet-blue to purple flowers, up to 2 in. Used as a ground cover, but can be invasive. Wildflower of the Year 2008 Virginia Spiderwort Tradescantia virginiana Spiderwort is an herbaceous perennial that arises from a cluster of rather stout overwintering roots. Description. The name Tradescantia commemorates one of the most famous father and son teams in botany John Tradescant, Sr. (died 1638), who travelled to north Russia in 1618 and Algiers in 1620, and John Tradescant, Jr. (1608-1662), who travelled in Virginia in 1654. Leaves are 2—5 per… Tradescantia species that are now regarded as invasive weeds, include Tradescantia zebrina (inch plant), Tradescantia spathacea (boat lily), Tradescantia pallida (purple queen) and Tradescantia fluminensis (small-leaved spiderwort). Foliage sprawls in an unattractive manner by mid-summer. It can be used in pots or as ground cover, and it thrives in full sun with moderate water. Annapolis, MD 21401. Stems are smooth or bear scattered short hairs. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Young shoots are susceptible to snail damage. Compared to look-alike species, Tradescantia virginiana has narrower blades, smoother sepals and no glaucous leaf and stem surfaces. Key Characteristics. Bloom color varies from purple-blues to rose red to, rarely, white. Once in our waterways, these pollutants fuel the growth of excess algae, which clouds the water and threatens the health of fish, crabs and the entire Chesapeake Bay. Dr. Koichi Goka Invasive Species Research Team, Environmental Risk Research Center, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan 16-2, Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan Replace “(at)” with “@”. – A rare garden escape (most frequently a mere garden throw-out rather than an escape), found on dumps, by road verges,… First documented from wasteland in Charleroi in 1946 but surely neglected or overlooked for quite some time. 501 Sixth Street Tradescantia virginiana was recognized as the Virginia Native Plant Society’s 2008 Wildflower of the Year. Violet-blue to purple, three-petaled flowers (.75-1.5" diameter) accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up, a few at a time, each for only one day, from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds. By picking native plants that suit local conditions, you can reduce or eliminate the need for fertilizers, pesticides and watering. Annapolis, Maryland 21403, 177 Admiral Cochrane Drive Also grown in the garden is the common spiderwort, or widow’s tears (T. virginiana), an upright juicy-stemmed plant with white to pink or purple flowers. 2. The plants spread by underground stolons forming clumps and grow 2-3 feet tall by 1 foot wide. This perennial, similar in look but not related to common spiderwort (Tradescantia spp. Regions: Coastal Plain, Mountain, Piedmont, Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Shade, Habitat: wooded slopes, shale outcrops, moist fields, roadsides. Tradescantia virginiana is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows up to 3' tall. It’s also known as wandering gypsy plant, wandering trad, wandering willie, or inch plant. across (5 cm), adorned with showy yellow stamens. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Tradescantia virginiana L. – Virginia spiderwort Subordinate Taxa. (cult.) NameThatPlant.net currently features 3810 plants and 23,676 images. Most photographs may be used for educational purposes only. WHY NATIVES. Luckily each plant produces many of them, in leisurely succession. Rain washes chemicals and fertilizers into our streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. Dark bluish-purple being the most common, white last only one day be the Garden would n't be the without. ‘ Variegata ' produces striped pink-and-red foliage watering once established and heavy ( clay ) soils plant... 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